Cytarabine is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body. Cytarabine is used to treat certain types of leukemia (blood cancers). Cytarabine is also used to treat leukemia associated with meningitis. Cytarabine will not treat an active meningitis infection that has already developed in the body. Cytarabine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Cytarabine is an antineoplastic drug. This drug mainly works by disrupting the growth of cancer cells in the body of a patient. This drug is used for treating certain types of leukemia, usually alongside other drugs. Cytarabine is also used to prevent meningeal leukemia, which is when leukemia spreads to the tissue that covers the brain and spinal cord.