Octreotide is a man-made protein that is similar to a hormone in the body called somatostatin. Octreotide lowers many substances in the body such as insulin and glucagon (involved in regulating blood sugar), growth hormone, and chemicals that affect digestion. Octreotide is used to treat acromegaly. Octreotide is also used to reduce flushing episodes and watery diarrhea caused by cancerous tumors (carcinoid syndrome) or tumors called vasoactive intestinal peptide tumors (VIP adenomas). Octreotide may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Sandostatin can be classified as somatostatin agent which works by reducing the number of blood vessels of certain hormones and chemical transmitters which may result in symptoms of a disease. Sandostatin is used to treat severe flushing or diarrhea caused by certain types of cancer. It can also be used in certain patients to treat acromegaly.