Uterine cancer is a medical condition also known as endometrium cancer since it affects the inner lining of the uterus. The condition mainly begins in the cells that make mucus and other fluids in the uterus although it can also start in any part of it. It is characterized by abnormal cell growth in the uterus lining.
Uterine Cancer Symptoms
Once one develops uterine cancer, there are symptoms that the patients may start to see. There are many symptoms that develop but at first it is difficult to know whether it is cancer or a sexually transmitted disease. One of the most common symptom of uterine cancer is the abnormal bleeding from the vagina. This may be followed by a watery discharge. For those who have not reached menopause, they may experience unusual vaginal bleeding. Below are other symptoms of uterine cancer:
- Experiencing pelvic pain
- Feeling pain when having sex
- Bleeding between periods
- Abnormal discharge from the vagina
- Bleeding after menopause
Uterine Cancer Causes
Uterine cancer or endometrium cancer is among the most dangerous and deadly diseases whose causes are not well known. However, it has be verified that this condition begins with a change or mutation in the structure of the DNA in the cells. This affects the growth of the healthy cells in the uterus making them grow and multiply uncontrollably in the uterine walls. Growth of cells produced accumulates to form a lump of tissues that result in a tumor. These cells can invade other nearby cells, and the process continues throughout the body if not treated as early as possible.
Uterine Cancer Diagnosis
One of the first thing that a doctor asks for a uterine cancer diagnosis is the blood and the urine. Further tests are done to ensure that he is sure of the disease. There are several tests carried out to diagnose this medical condition. These include:
- Pelvic exam and Pap smears: this is a test carried out to look for cervical cancer, but it may also show that you have uterine cancer.
- Transvaginal ultrasound: this is a test that involves a device being inserted in the vaginal canal. The wandlike instrument produces high-frequency sound waves targeted at the uterus. The echoes produced creates a picture that shows the thickness of the endometrium. Depending on the irregularity, the doctor may carry out a biopsy.
Uterine Cancer Treatment
Uterine cancer is among the most medical conditions that require quick treatment. For uterine cancer that has not spread to a large extent, surgery is the best treatment. This helps the patient from developing the disease to deadly levels. The treatment involves the removal of the organs that make up the reproductive system. These includes ovaries, cervix, uterus and the fallopian tubes. The medical practitioner may also remove any suspicious organ around the uterus. If the condition is an issue even after the surgery, the patient may undergo chemotherapy or radiation.