Testicular cancer is a condition in men where cells in one or both testicles behave abnormally through uncontrolled growth. The condition affects the production of hormone testosterone
and sperms once you have reached puberty. Despite being rare, Testicular cancer can spread to the lymph system causing loss of life if appropriate action is not taken.
Testicular cancer Symptoms
If you are more observant, you can detect Testicular cancer in its early stages with its distinct signs and symptoms. Some of the common early warning symptoms of Testicular cancer include;
- changes in shape and size of your testicles
- thickening or swelling of one or both testicles
- heaviness of the testicles
- hardness in the testicles and
- a painless smooth growing lump in the testicles.
Other uncommon signs may include;
- Pain in the testicles
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Difficulties when breathing
- Back pain
- Fatigue and
- Chest lumps.
Since these are not the only symptoms, it is recommended you report to your doctor any abnormal feeling or physical change in your testicles.
Testicular cancer Causes
Doctors have not yet identified the exact cause of Testicular cancer, but they have associated the condition with a number of factors. Some men are more prone to the condition while others are less likely to get it. Among those likely to get it include;
- If you have cryptorchidism. This is a condition where the testicles develop in the pelvic cavity and later migrate to the groin before birth. It is also known as undescended testicle.
- If there is Testicular cancer in your family line, then you are at a higher risk of getting it.
- Long term smokers and HIV &;AIDS infected people are also at high risk of getting Testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer Diagnosis
With the three types of Testicular cancer Lymphoma, seminoma and nonseminoma, your doctor may ask you a couple of questions.
- The most important will be disclosing any sign you are experiencing or any abnormal behavior change. It is also paramount if you tell your doctor about your health history and if any person in your family has Testicular cancer.
- An ultrasound scan may be conducted on you or a blood test aimed at checking the level of protein or hormones affecting your Testicular cancer.
- The common way used to detect Testicular cancer is by the use of a biopsy.
- Further diagnostic tests are recommended to find out if the cancer had spread to other parts of the body.
Testicular cancer Treatment
There are several types of treating Testicular cancer, but it will depend on the type of Testicular cancer you are suffering from, and the damage it has caused. Common treatment methods include;
In case of an early diagnosis, then surgery happens to be the best option where the affected testicle is removed. However, in case of cancer cells spreading to your lymph system, then you may need to have your lymph nodes removed in your abdomen.
This method involves the use of radiation to kill Testicular cancer-related cells. This process may as well accompany a surgery to make sure the cells do not regrow again.
Depending on the type of Testicular cancer you have, the doctor will advise on the type of tablets to use. The treatment involves taking drugs for a couple of weeks.