A seizure is a condition in which the patient has unexpected convulsions. When a seizure happens, it is because there is an abnormal attack of brain activity. The brain can not handle this barrage of information, and the patient may begin to convulse. These convulsions can last from a few seconds to a few minutes, but if a seizure lasts more than ten minutes, then emergency services must be contacted.
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Because there are so many different types of seizures, there are a variety of symptoms that could be present. In more severe seizures these symptoms are more profoundly shown, whereas partial seizures may not show all of these symptoms. It is important to note that these symptoms will not harm the patient unless the jerking of the body causes the patient to hit his or her head or fall down stairs. The common symptoms of a seizure are listed below:
After the seizure the patient may feel the following symptoms:
The causes of various seizures can be chronic or episodic, meaning that the patient's seizure or seizures can be reoccurring. This often depends on which type of seizure that he or she is experiencing. The most common cause of seizures is idiopathic epilepsy. This is when the brain has a disease that causes seizures, although the reason for these recurring seizures is not known. Other causes that could contribute to a seizure are listed below. These are not chronic causes; therefore, these episodic causes may only cause one seizure.
The diagnosis of a seizure is fairly simple in generalized seizures. This is because these kinds of seizures involve symptoms that cannot be ignored unless they are not seen by another person.
The treatment that is used in order to treat a seizure is often through prevention of another seizure, because the main cause of seizures, epilepsy, cannot be cured as of yet.
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