Leukemia is a cancer of blood cells and it originates in bone marrow, which is the soft tissue found inside the bones. Blood cells are made in the bone marrow. In this case, the Bone marrow starts making lots of white blood cells which are abnormal. Since, this production is faster than the development of the white blood cells, the abnormal cells soon overtake the normal cells soon in a number. This results into problems such as anemia, infections, and bleeding. The leukemia cells also have the possibility to spread inside the lymph nodes or many other organs. This might lead to swelling and pain. Leukemia is classified according to its growth rate and the white blood cells it affects.
Various other uncommon types of leukemia are also found. Some subtypes of leukemia are also found.
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If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, please consult your physician immediately.
The most important reason for leukemia is the mutation in the DNA. Mutations can activate oncogenes or deactivate the tumor suppressing genes that can trigger leukemia by affecting the cell death, differentiation or division.
These kind of mutations might occur spontaneously due to reasons like exposure to the carcinogenic substances and the radiations. Among the adults, ionizing substances are one of the most important causes. Various viruses like Human-T-Lymphotropic virus and some chemicals like benzenes various alkylating chemotherapy agents. Various other reasons can be:
Most of the symptoms related to leukemia are nonspecific and can point to some other diseases. Hence, many times the Leukemia goes unnoticed as being reported by the American Cancer society. However, below you will find some ways to possibly diagnose leukemia.
Leukemia is generally treated through the pharmaceutical medication and through multi- drug chemotherapy regimen. Radiation therapy is also being used quite commonly. In the most extreme cases, doctors often prescribe for the bone marrow transplant.
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