There is no specific definition of Head and neck cancer, but it is said to be a collection of cancers identified depending on the area they began. Most of them are believed to start from the cells found in the mucosal surfaces. Other types of Head and neck cancer start from gland cells such as the salivary glands.
Head and neck cancer Symptoms
Most symptoms of Head and neck cancer will mostly depend on the location of the cancerous cells and the tumor. While some of them might be rare, others are common even with other cancerous disorders. The following are some of the most common symptoms of head and neck cancer.
- pain in the face
- an ulcer that never heals
- bleeding or blocked nose
- pain and difficulties when chewing and swallowing
- hearing problems
- red patches on the tongue
- pain in the jaw
- difficulties or changes in breathing
- a swelling lump around your face and
- loosening teeth
In case you experience any other symptom not mentioned above, inform your medical practitioner since it may suggest the presence of Head and neck cancer.
Head and neck cancer Causes
Causes of Head and neck cancer usually depend on the place it begins. Different body parts are exposed to several factors that cause cancerous cells to grow. The part from which these cancerous cells begin also determine its possibility of growing and ease at which the condition can be treated. Some of the most known causes of Head and neck cancer include the following.
- genetic inheritance
- excessive use of tobacco
- use of alcohol
- exposure to dangerous sun rays
- inhalation of nickel dust
- infection with Epstein-Barr virus
- poor health and hygiene
- use of food with preservatives
- nutritional deficiencies such as iron
- exposure to asbestos
- HPV infection
Head and neck cancer Diagnosis
Just like any other health disorder, a doctor will first ask the signs and symptoms you might be experiencing that suggest the presence of Head and neck cancer. This is normally followed by an explanation of the victim's health history to determine if the disorder is as a result of inheritance. In most cases, a doctor carries out some examinations and tests to determine if the person indeed have Head and neck cancer. Physical examinations, Endoscopy test, Laboratory tests, X-rays to create images, CT scan, PET scan and Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI are the commonly used techniques in Head and neck cancer diagnosis.
Head and neck cancer Treatment
The most common treatments for ovarian cancer includes a chemotherapy regimen of carbonating and bevacizumab, which is given by injection to help slow down the rate of endometrial growth. Other types of treatments that can be tried are pelvic lymphadenectomy and omentectomy. Both are a 'debulking' type of procedure in the pelvic area. There are also a variety of common procedures that may work including, laparotomy, retro peritoneal lymph node dissection, salpingoophorectomy, robotic surgery, and radiation therapy. These are all different yet similar types of surgeries designed to dissect and remove built up tissue. Unfortunately in some cases hysterectomy is the final step.
- chemotherapy regimen of carbonating and bevacizumab
- pelvic lymphadenectomy and omentectomy
- retro peritoneal lymph node dissection
- robotic surgery
- radiation therapy