Dyspepsia is also referred to as upset stomach or indigestion which is a term that describes pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Dyspepsia is not a disease. Dyspepsia is composed of a group of symptoms such as bloating, burping, and nausea. Dyspepsia is mostly caused by stomach acid coming into contact with mucosa.

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Dyspepsia Symptoms

Individuals with Dyspepsia mostly experience discomfort and pain the chest and stomach area. The feeling is normally felt immediately one consumes drink or food. In other cases of Dyspepsia, the symptoms may sometimes appear after a meal. There are common symptoms of Dyspepsia that include:

  • Feeling bloated
  • Nausea
  • Bleaching

There are rare cases where Dyspepsia is a symptom of stomach cancer. You should not worry when you have mild Dyspepsia. However, it is recommended to see a doctor if symptoms continue for more than 2 weeks. If the pain becomes severe or you notice the following symptoms occurs, it would be advisable to see a doctor.

  • Jaundice (yellow coloring of eyes and skin)
  • Chest pain when your exert yourself
  • Vomiting
  • Black stools
  • Loss of appetite or weight loss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating

Dyspepsia Causes

Most of the causes related to Dyspepsia are caused by what we eat and drink and the lifestyle that we choose to live. Dyspepsia may also be caused by digestive conditions or can also be caused by infections. Some of the common causes of Dyspepsia include:

  • Consuming spicy foods
  • Consuming too much caffeine
  • Eating too much
  • Consuming fatty or greasy foods
  • Emotional trauma
  • Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)
  • Consuming too much alcohol
  • Consuming too many fizzy drinks
  • Stomach cancer
  • Consuming too much chocolate
  • Gallstones
  • Eating too rapidly
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Peptic ulcers
  • Smoking
  • Nervousness
  • Obesity
  • Some medications, such as antibiotics and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)

Dyspepsia Diagnosis

Most patients who have Dyspepsia is mild and do not occur much often and in such cases you do not require a doctor to treat it. Individuals who experience Dyspepsia regularly should see their primary care physician.

There are tests that can be performed such as:

  • endoscopy
  • blood test
  • test to diagnose Helicobacter pylori infection
  • liver function test
  • x-rays
  • adominal Computed Tomography (CT) scan
  • abdominal ultrasound

A doctor will ask the patient about their family and medical history, symptoms, and examine the stomach and chest. This involves pressing different areas of the abdomen to determine whether they are tender or sensitive.

Dyspepsia Treatment

The treatment that you will use on Dyspepsia will depend on several factors such as the symptoms that are causing it and how severe these symptoms are. For mild symptoms and indigestion is not occurring often, some lifestyle changes will help in easing symptoms. Diet and lifestyle changes mostly involves:

  • avoiding spicy foods
  • less caffeine
  • chocolates
  • alcohol
  • consuming less fatty foods
  • sleeping for at least 7 hours every night.

There are also medications that can help to treat Dyspepsia. Such medications include:

  •  antacids
  • H-2-receptor antagonists
  • PPIs (proton pump inhibitors)
  • Prokinetics
  • antibiotics
  • antidepressants.

A healthcare provider may decide to change the current medication if they find that it is contributing to indigestion.

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