Pentosan polysulfate sodium works like an anticoagulant (blood thinner) that prevents the formation of blood clots. However, it is used to treat bladder pain and discomfort caused by cystitis (bladder inflammation or irritation). Pentosan polysulfate sodium may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Elmiron is an interstitial cystitis agent. The exact way in which it works is not well known, but scientists believe that it protects the wall of the bladder while it heals. The medication is not a pain medication such as aspirin and therefore it is taken continuously for relief just as prescribed by your health professional.
Elmiron is an odorless white powder, slightly hygroscopic and soluble in water to 50% at pH 6. Elmiron is a semi-synthetically produced heparin-like macromolecular carbohydrate derivative, which chemically and structurally resembles glycosaminoglycans.
Elmiron is used for the treatment of interstitial cystitis and thrombi in humans and osteoarthritis in dogs and horses. It’s also used in the treatment of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies.
Elmiron works in a manner which it protects the bladder from harmful or irritating substances in the urine by forming a layer on the bladder wall. Elmiron is also a weak 'blood thinner' and, therefore, may accelerate the chances or risk of bleeding/bruising (e.g., bleeding from the gums/nose).